Pure white double flowers with a strong scent.
From Italy in 1800.
Grows well in semi-shade or Full Shade with free draining, fertile soil.
Parma violets flower in winter and early spring. They were extensively grown for the cut flower market in France, the flowers are also edible and are ideal for crystallisation. They belong to the more exotic branch of the violet family, first appearing in Italy, in the 16th century. They are reputedly not as fully hardy as sweet violets, although we have not had any trouble bringing them through the winter in Buckinghamshire. If in doubt, plant in a pot or container that can be brought into a cold greenhouse or cold frame. They will even do well on a windowsill.
Common name(s): Parma violet